Graphene is a promising tunable plasmonic material in the terahertz regime. Plasmons can be induced in graphene by femtosecond laser excitation, and their resonance frequency can be gate-tuned over a broad terahertz range1. Another 2D electron system, the complex-oxide heterostructure LaAlO3/SrTiO3, has been shown to exhibit great promise for control and detection of broadband THz emission at extreme nanoscale dimensions2. Recently, we have successfully integrated these two platforms: we have created graphene/LaAlO3/SrTiO3 structures with high mobility in the graphene channel3 and oxide nanostructures directly underneath the graphene layer4. Now we are working on new experiments that probe graphene plasmonic behavior using this nanoscale THz spectrometer using ultrafast optical techniques. This unprecedented control of THz radiation at 10 nm length scales creates a pathway toward hybrid THz functionality in graphene/LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures.
We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the following agencies and grants: AFOSR FA9550-12-1-0268 (JL, PRI), AFOSR FA9550-12-1-0342 (CBE)), ONR N00014-13-1-0806 (JL, CBE), NSF DMR-1234096 (CBE), and ONR N00014-15-1-2847 (JL) and N00014-16-3152 (JL)
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