Title: Applied Antineutrinos for Nonproliferation
Abstract: Nuclear reactors are the single largest source of clean electricity per unit density of fuel; however, they are also the only source of plutonium in the world. Additionally, the same fuel cycle to power these nuclear reactors can be repurposed for a nuclear weapons program. All parties of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) have an unalienable right to pursue peaceful nuclear technology, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) exists to verify material is not diverted for a nuclear weapons program. The technical verification of the nuclear fuel cycle typically relies on observables such as gamma-rays and neutrons, however these particles are easily shielded due to their short interaction lengths. Antineutrino monitoring has been proposed as a verification tool as antineutrinos are unambiguous signatures of the fission process, they have the capabilities of observing the operational pattern of a facility and can measure the fissile inventory of a nuclear reactor. This talk will focus on the capabilities of antineutrino monitoring along with the current status of the field.
Location and Address
Virtual; Zoom Information TBA